A sea of foliage girds our garden round,
But not a sea of dull unvaried green,
Sharp contrasts of all colours here are seen;
The light-green graceful tamarinds abound
Amid the mangoe clumps of green profound,
And palms arise, like pillars gray, between;
And o’er the quiet pools the seemuls lean,
Red,—red, and startling like a trumpet’s sound.
But nothing can be lovelier than the ranges
Of bamboos to the eastward, when the moon
Looks through their gaps, and the white lotus changes
Into a cup of silver. One might swoon
Drunken with beauty then, or gaze and gazeg
On a primeval Eden, in amaze.
Baugmaree is a famous poem by Toru Dutt. It was originally published in Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan in 1822. Toru Dutt loves trees very deeply. Her other poem Our Casuarina Tree like this poem shows Toru Dutt as a poetess of nature. Baugmaree is concerned as one of her excellent poems. The title of the poem is very suggestive and apt reflecting her love for nature and an inclination towards romantic poetry. The garden, Baugmaree which was the garden of the Dutt family is the main theme of the poem. The poetess has described the scenic beauty of her garden in it.
About Toru Dutt
Toru Dutt was known as a great poetess, novelist, essayist, translator, and outstanding pioneer in the history of Indian English Literature. She is also the first Indian poetess, who write in French and English at that time when Indian writers were facing lots of criticism from English literature writers. Their work has not only been appreciated but has even been republished. Many critics compared Toru Dutt with John Keats because his style of writing is just like John Keats’s. Among his world-famous poem included- Sita, Lotus, Our Casuarina Tree, The Tree Of Life, Ancient Ballads, and Legends of Hindustan. She also died at an early age at the age of 21.
Form & Structure of The Poem
The present poem Baugmaree is in the form of a sonnet (14 lines poem), it has two parts an octave of eight lines and a sestet of six lines. Its rhyme scheme is ABBA, CDCDE. This sonnet shows Toru Dutt’s deep love for Nature.
Summary Of The Baugmaree
The garden covers her home on the outskirt of Calcutta. Toru Dutt presents a beautiful description of the garden. She says – The whole garden is encircled by a sea of green leaves which are bright and not dull. There are contrasted colors – the light green color of tall tamarinds and the deep green color of mango trees. The tall palm trees appear like grey pillars and the Red color attracts a lot so she has used it as a fascination.
There are many seemuls trees in her garden which appear to be red in color giving a vibrant look. They are almost cotton trees and have maroon flower that looks very much red. They are startling like trumpet sounds that are leaning over the quiet pools. Bamboos are standing eastward and look lovelier than others in the moonlight. White lotuses look like a cup of silver in the midst of such natural beauty. One is sure to feel free and cheerful in such a beautiful scenic atmosphere.
Toru calls her garden a primeval Eden to be seen only with amazement because for her it was heaven. The reference to Eden garden shows her deep reading of the Bible and her inclination towards the Christian faith. This poem reveals Toru’s sensitivity towards nature on a large scale as it colors her soul. It also highlights her love for nature. In describing the garden, she adopts simple diction. The most beautiful line of the poem:
“Red, red, and starling like a trumpet’s sound.
But nothing can be lovelier than the rages.
Of Bamboos to say the eastward when”…
So now we can say that Baugmaree is one of the most famous poems of Toru Dutt in which she tells us about The Beauty of Nature.